Valentina Tereshkova (born on March 6, 1937) is a Soviet and Russian cosmonaut and politician. She became the first woman in the world to travel to space.
Valentina Tereshkova was born in the village of Maslennikovo in Central Russia. In 1961, at the age of 26, she became a member of the first group of female cosmonauts selected for the Vostok program. On June 16, 1963, she made her historic flight aboard the Vostok 6 spacecraft. Valentina spent nearly three days in space, completing 48 orbits around the Earth. Her flight made her a national and international celebrity.
After her spaceflight, Valentina Tereshkova continued to work in the space industry and actively engaged in political activities. She served as a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and various committees, as well as a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. She later became the president of the women's organization "Women of Russia" and a member of the State Duma.